Salt (Table Salt)
Table salt, also known as sodium chloride (NaCl), is a crystalline compound that is commonly used as a seasoning and preservative in cooking and food preparation.
Table salt is made up of two minerals, sodium and chloride, which are essential to human health and are found in many foods. However, excessive intake of sodium can increase the risk of high blood pressure and other health problems, so it is important to use table salt in moderation.
Common usages of table salt include:
- Seasoning food: Salt is added to food to enhance its flavor and bring out natural flavors. It is commonly used to season meats, vegetables, soups, and sauces.
- Preserving food: Salt is also used as a preservative to help prevent the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms that can spoil food. This is why salt is often used in curing meats and fish, as well as in pickling vegetables. Baking: Salt is used in many baking recipes to help control the fermentation process and to add flavor. It is also used in bread-making to help regulate the dough’s rise.
- Water softening: Salt is sometimes used in water softening systems to remove minerals that can make water hard and cause buildup in pipes and appliances.
- Cleaning: Salt can be used as an abrasive cleaner to remove stains and grime from surfaces like pots, pans, and countertops.